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A+ Activities Newsletter July 2010

Please be sure to add A+ Activities to your contact list to ensure that newsletters are delivered to your inbox and not the spam folder. A+ Activities,

I am proud to announce that A+ Activities is working with Mature Solutions and through their software, ProActivity Reports; we can make your job easier! It's a comprehensive system that covers residents, activities, participation tracking, calendaring, reporting and more.

Please check it out at:

A+ Activities Customers can receive a free month!


Don’t forget that Holiday Fun Packs are now available through A+ Activities.  The summer pack is in the works! Check out an example at:


Here is The Newsletter for July:

Tips on Managing the Heat

The risk of heat exhaustion and heat stroke rises along with the temperature and humidity. Heat illnesses occur when the body's cooling mechanism becomes overloaded. When the heat starts to rise - slow down. Regardless of your activity level, drink more fluids - your body needs water to prevent dehydration during warm summer days. Stay away from liquids that contain caffeine, alcohol, or large amounts of sugar. Stay indoors or in shaded locations; wear lightweight, light-colored, loose-fitting clothing; and limit your outdoor activity to morning or evening hours when it is cooler outside.





(The following exercises are done seated in a chair)


♦ Lubricate joints

♦ Stabilize spine

♦ Increase circulation

♦ Strengthen postural muscles

♦ Keep ankle joints flexible

♦ Strengthen mobilization muscles

♦ Strengthen tibialis muscles or shin




Circle the ankle by drawing an imaginary circle with the toes, 4 times to the right, then 4 times to the left. Repeat exercise with left foot. This exercise lubricates the ankle joint.


Tap the toes by lifting the toes of both feet (with the heels on the floor) and dropping the toes. Repeat 8 times and pause. Then lift toes and hold for a second and release.   Repeat 4 times. This exercise strengthens the shin muscles and will help prevent tripping.


Extend leg from knee and flex the ankle. Point the toes toward the knee and feel the calf muscle stretching. Repeat 4 times on each leg, alternating legs. This exercise will help avoid cramping in the lower leg.


Extend leg forward. Tighten knee cap as though pushing on a gas peddle, then release. Repeat 4 times on each leg. Put hand on quadricep (front of thigh) and feel the muscles contract. This exercise stabilizes the knee joint and strengthens the muscles needed to get up and down in a chair or on and off the toilet.


Squeeze the buttocks muscles together and release. Repeat 4 times. Then sit on one hip and tighten the abdominal muscles. Repeat 4 times, alternating right and left hip. Strong gluteal and hip muscles are important in walking.


Bring one knee to the chest (circle the ankle at the same time to lubricate the ankle joint). Repeat 8 times, alternating knees. Stretched lower back and hamstring muscles help prevent low backaches.


Sit up tall and lengthen the spine. Hook the right arm over the back of the right side of the chair and reach across the body with the left arm for spinal rotation. With the arms in this position, look right as far back as the eyes will go. Look forward. Look left. Repeat the exercise on the left side. This exercise helps to keep the neck and spine flexible.


Lean out over the side of your chair (don't slouch- keep rib cage lifted). Allow the right arm to dangle straight down to the floor and keep it totally relaxed, even the fingertips. Begin circling the arm from the shoulder. Just start the arm moving and let it circle on its own. Don't try to make a perfect circle. Count to 8 and then reverse the circle. Repeat the exercise with the left shoulder and arm. This exercise warms up the rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder.


Roll right shoulder forward-up-back-down. Do exercise with the left shoulder. Repeat 4 times on each shoulder. Then roll both shoulders at the same time. Repeat 4 times. This exercise loosens up the shoulder joints.


Pretend you are holding a tray in front of you at waist level with palms up. Elbows should be lightly touching the sides of your body. Now pull right elbow back, then left elbow, squeeze both shoulder blades together and then release. Repeat 4 times. This exercise strengthens postural muscles.


Put the neck in alignment by touching the chin with one hand. Then pull the chin back from the hand, (keeping the chin parallel to the floor). Do not tilt the head up or down; keep it level as though it was moving back and forth on a set of railroad tracks. Now turn your head to the right, look back with your eyes as far as you can. (Stay in your comfort range). Repeat exercise to the left. This exercise helps to prevent a stiff neck and insures proper neck alignment.


Look straight ahead and lift both arms from side of body up toward ceiling and then back down toward floor. Repeat one time. Reach up with one arm at a time as though you're picking apples from a tall tree. Repeat 8 times, alternating right and left. Stretch your fingers as you reach up. This will help lengthen your spine, increase circulation and range of motion, and exercise the fingers, all at one time.


Reach up with right arm, reach down with left arm and stretch 2 times in both directions as you reach with your fingertips. Repeat exercises with left arm up and right arm down. This exercise stabilizes the spine.


Lift both arms from sides of body toward ceiling and then back down. Place relaxed hands, palms up, in lap. Now take a deep breath and give yourself a pat on the back! You did a great job!




by Samuel F. Smith

My country, 'tis of Thee,
Sweet Land of Liberty
Of thee I sing;
Land where my father’s died,
Land of the pilgrims' pride,
From every mountain side
Let Freedom ring.
My native country, thee,
Land of the noble free,
Thy name I love;
I love thy rocks and rills,
Thy woods and templed hills,
My heart with rapture thrills
Like that above.
Let music swell the breeze,
And ring from all the trees
Sweet Freedom's song;
Let mortal tongues awake;
Let all that breathe partake;
Let rocks their silence break,
The sound prolong.
Our fathers' God to Thee,
Author of Liberty,
To thee we sing,
Long may our land be bright
With Freedom's holy light,
Protect us by thy might
Great God, our King.
Our glorious Land to-day,
'Neath Education's sway,
Soars upward still.
Its hills of learning fair,
Whose bounties all may share,
Behold them everywhere
On vale and hill!
Thy safeguard, Liberty,
The school shall ever be,
Our Nation's pride!
No tyrant hand shall smite,
While with encircling might
All here are taught the Right
With Truth allied.
Beneath Heaven's gracious will
The stars of progress still
Our course do sway;
In unity sublime
To broader heights we climb,
Triumphant over Time,
God speeds our way!
Grand birthright of our sires,
Our altars and our fires
Keep we still pure!
Our starry flag unfurled,
The hope of all the world,
In peace and light impearled,
God hold secure!



I Am An American

Circa 1940
Lyric and Music by Ira Schuster, Paul Cunningham and Leonard Whiteup 

On the street, in the home, 
In a crowd, or a - lone,__
Shout! Wher-ev-er you may be, 
I am, from the heart of me._____

Rich or poor, young and old, 
Let the mes-sage be told, 
Shout! Wher-ev-er you may be, 
I'm proud of my lib - er - ty.___________

In the fac-t'ry, in the mill, 
Thru each val-ley, from each hill,
Raise your voice and give A - mer - i-ca a thrill!_____
On the farms, in the schools, 
Let's have one set of rules,
Shout! Wher-ev-er you may be, 
I am, ev-'ry part of me.

From A - las-ka's snow-y peaks, 
To the South-land's mud-dy creeks, 
Lis-ten in be-cause A - mer-i-ca now speaks!_______
A - mer - i - ca now speaks!

On the farms, in the schools, 
Let's have one set of rules, 
Shout! Wher-ev-er you may be, 
I am,_______ ev-'ry part of me!___________ 



In Hawaii, whenever there is a big occasion like a graduation or wedding, it is common for family and friends to get together and string leis for the event. Lei making is a wonderful time for sharing stories and getting to know one another better.


Make Your Own Leis

You can make your own leis from materials found right in your back yard! Literally any flowers, leaves, ferns, etc., may be used to make a lei. For your first time however, you should start with the basic single strand flower lei.

To begin lei making, collect any medium sized flowers you can find - roses, daisies, carnations etc. You'll need about 50 blossoms to make a 40" single strand lei. Cut about a 100" length cotton string, and fold it in half. Tie a large knot at the end of the twine - this will act like a "stopper" for your flowers as you string them. Remember to leave extra string below the knot - you will use this to tie the lei together upon its completion.

In Hawaii, a steel lei needle, usually about 12 to 18 inches in length is used to string flowers, but any large needle will do. Go through the center of the face of the flower straight through to the back. Carefully guide the flowers to the base of the string near the knot - never force the flowers, you can always move them farther down later. You are finished when the lei is approximately 40" long. You may choose to dress your lei up with a ribbon, or just leave it au natural.



 Minuteman Munchies

2 cups Chex wheat cereal
2 cups Cheerios cereal
2 cups pretzels (your choice)
2 cups dry roasted peanuts
1 cup raisins
1 large package holiday M&Ms (available in red, white, and blue)

Toss all ingredients together in a large bowl. Serve in festive Fourth of July cups.

Patriotic Jigglers

Make some sweet red, white and blue sweets to celebrate the day.

  • Two packages (4 serving size) or One package (8 serving size) any flavor red JELL-O
  • Two packages (4 serving size) or One package (8 serving size) blue JELL-O
  • Whipped topping (It's easier if you have the kind in the can)
  • 2 1/2 cups boiling water
  • Two 11 x 7 pans (Or you can do it in one pan, one flavor at a time)
  • Clear plastic cups (4 to 6 ounce size)
  • Small star-shaped cookie cutters (optional)
  • Cherries (optional)

Pour one flavor of gelatin into the mixing bowl. Add 1 1/4 cups of the boiling water and use the rubber scraper to stir until all of the gelatin has dissolved (about two minutes). Pour the mixture into one of the pans.

Repeat with the other flavor of JELL-O.

Put the pans into the refrigerator and let the JELL-O chill for about three hours.

Put about an inch of warm water into the sink. Dip just the bottom of the pan (don't let the water come up over the sides) into the water for 15 seconds.

Wash your hands thoroughly. Use the star-shaped cookie cutters or the table knife to cut shapes. Use your hands to lift out the shapes onto another tray. Repeat with both flavors.

Make a thin layer of blue jigglers, then a layer of whipped cream, then a layer of red jigglers, and then another layer of whipped cream. Top with a cherry if you would like and then enjoy!



Men’s Only Book Club

Here are some key questions to answer when laying the foundation of your book club:

How many people should be in the group? 8-10 works best for conversation.

How often should we meet? Once a month to every six weeks is best.

Where should we meet? Find a quiet, central location

What kind of books are we going to read? Decide on a broad genre such as Historical fiction or bestsellers, classics or one prolific author.

How do we pick our books? Some groups have a committee or rotates through members who take turns choosing. Other groups will dedicate one meeting to choosing all the books that they would like to read for the coming year. If a member chooses the book they should also have discussion questions prepared.

What are the secrets to a successful book club? Have fun. There are no right or wrong answers. This isn't school so reading the book shouldn't feel like homework. This is all about laughing, learning and engaging in thoughtful conversation. Well planned meetings are key.




History trivia questions and answers

What British royal spent over $26,000 on underwear in the 1980s?
A: Princess Diana.

What First Lady became the first wife of a sitting president to appear under subpoena before a grand jury?
A: Hillary Rodham Clinton.

What war was Lt. Hiroo Onoda ordered by his commanding officer to stop fighting, in 1974?
A: World War II.

What Beverly Hills 90210 star led the Pledge of Allegiance at the 1992 Republican convention?
A: Shannon Doherty.

Whose assassination resulted in the Lorraine Motel being named the National Civil Rights Museum?
A: Martin Luther King Jr's.

What Arab intoned: " I want a homeland even if the devil is the one to liberate it for me"?
A: Yasir Arafat.

What name was the last word uttered by Napoleon?
A: Josephine.

What nation bid adieu to the United Kingdom in 1921?
A: Ireland.

+What Nazi propagandist said: "Think of the press as a great keyboard on which the government can play"?
A: Joseph Goebbels.


Misc. Trivia

What cleric addressed the U.N. in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese in 1995?
A: Pope John Paul II.

What mobster sighed: "I've been accused of every death except the casualty list of the World War"?
A: Al Capone.

What was the first company in the world to post $1 billion in annual earnings, in 1995?
A: General Motors.

What Uganda city's airport saw an Israeli commando raid rescue 103 hostages in 1976?
A: Entebbe's.

What 20th-century conflict saw U.S. soldiers "die for a tie"?
A: The Korean War.

What increased in the U.S. from 1.5 million to seven million in 1930?
A: Unemployment.

What city had the first public school, college and newspaper in the thirteen British colonies?
A: Boston.

What scandal was the Tower Commission set up to investigate in 1986?
A: The Iran-Contra affair.

What Filipino was acquitted of fraud charges in the U.S. in 1990?
A: Imelda Marcos.

What were the Soviet Union's symbols for work in the factory and on the land?
A: Hammer and sickle.

Who expected to be paid 2,000 pounds for surrendering West Point to the British?
A: Benedict Arnold.

What did an official U.S. investigation call " the greatest military and naval disaster in our nation's history"?
A: The attack on Pearl Harbor.

Whose migraine headache vanished after he read Robert E. Lee's note of surrender?
A: Ulysses S. Grant's.

What did "loose lips" do, according to a popular rhyming World War II slogan?
A: "Sink Ships".

What city had North America's first medical school, bank and city-paid police force.
A: Philadelphia.

What Filipino was nicknamed the " iron butterfly".
A: Imelda Marcos.

What did Jack McCall fall off, seconds after he shot Wild Bill Hickok?
A: His Horse.

Who was the longest-serving president in French history?
A: Francois Mitterrand.

What country's rampant political corruption was probed by the Mani pulite, or "Clean Hands," of the 1990s?
A: Italy's.

What flying ace averaged a kill every 11 days between September of 1915, and April of 1918?
A: Manfred von Richthofen, or "The Red Barron".



In land surveying, how long--in feet--is a chain?
A: 66 feet.

What synthetic fabric, introduced in the 1970s, is made of Teflon?
A: Gore-Tex.

If we saw the emblem know as a fylfot decorating a Byzantine structure, what would we most likely call it?
A: A swastika. The Nazis adopted the ancient symbol as their emblem.

How did the inch-long 2-penny (or 2d) nail get its name?
A: It was the nail that was sold at the rate of 100 for 2 pennies, or pence, in Great Britain in the fifteenth century, when the sizing  system for nails was fist established. (The d in 2d is the British symbol for pence.)

Approximately how many blades of grass are there in an acre of lawn?
A: 564,537,600--according to the Lawn Institute.

What did Aristotle believe was the main purpose of the human brain?
A: To cool the blood.

In medieval days, how much did the average suit of armor weigh?
A: Between 50 and 55 pounds.

In the children's rhyme that begins "Ding, Dong, Bell," who put Pussy in the well and who pulled her out?
A :Little Johnny Green put her in; Little Tommy stout got her out.

How big is a cord of wood?
A: It is  128 cubic feet and usually measures 4 feet high, 4 feet wide and 8 feet long.

Who was the first person to walk untetherd in space?
A: Navy Captain Bruce McCandless II, 164 miles above the earth, form the space shuttle Challenger on February 7, 1984.

What did movie star Mary Pickford use to christen the first Hollywood-to-San Francisco bus in the early 1920s?
A: A bottle of grape juice. Prohibition made champagne taboo.

In a bid to calm manic and psychotic juveniles, what color did California's San Bernardino County Probation Department paint its detention cells?
A: Bubble-gum pink.

Who said, "The great question...which I have not been able to answer despite my 30 years in research into the feminine soul, is  "What  does a woman want?
A: Sigmund Freud.

What was the first hurricane named after a man?
A: Bob, in July 1979. H put in a brief, blustery appearance on the Louisiana coast and then turned into an offshore breeze.

What great feat made Isaac Ban Amburgh a circus headliner in the late 1830s?
A: He was the first animal trainer to put his head in a lion's mouth.

What incredible adventure did British seaman James Bartley survive while whale hunting in 1891?
A: He spent two days in a whale's stomach after being swallowed alive--and then lived another 35 years to tell about it.

How many seats are there on a standard 747 jumbo jet?
A: 420.



Patriotic Napkin Rings



  • Recycled cardboard tube (from toilet paper or paper towels)
  • 2 3/4" Wooden star; one for each napkin ring
  • Acrylic paints - red, white, blue
  • Paint Brush
  • Extra fine tip permanent marker; black and blue
  • Tacky glue or a hot glue gun and glue sticks

1)      To make the three napkin rings pictured, cut the cardboard tube so that you have three rings that are about 1" wide.

2)      Paint one cardboard ring red, one white and one blue.  Be sure to paint the whole ring including the inside.  Set aside to dry.

3)      Paint one wooden star red, one white and one blue.  You will need to let one side dry before painting the second side.  Be sure to paint the edges of the star.  Let dry completely.

4)      Using the blue permanent marker, make a dashed line close to the edge on the front side of the white star.  Do the same for the red and blue stars but use the black marker.

5)      Glue the blue star to the white ring, the white star to the red ring and the red star to the blue ring.  If using the hot glue, just glue and you're done.  If you use the tacky glue, you'll need to let the glue dry completely before using.  In this case, lay your star face down on your work surface.  Put some glue in the center of the star and press the painted ring into the glue.  Leave the napkin ring in this position until the glue is completely dry.




Patriotic Candle Jar

What you need

empty glass jar
material with a patriotic pattern
white craft glue
thick bristled paint brush
goldenrod ribbon
wooden star
navy blue acrylic paint
hot glue gun

What you do

Paint the wooden star with navy blue acrylic
paint. Set aside to dry. Tie 2 or 3 strands of raffia into a bow. Use the scissors to but the bows so that all of the ends are straight, trim to even lengths. Hot glue the blue star to the center of the raffia. Set aside.

If your patriotic material has flags, cut out a few of the flags and cut the rest of the material into pieces. Size and shape does not matter!

Mix white craft glue with enough water to make a thin, paintable solution that is not see through, mixture should be white. With your paintbrush, paint the glue mixture onto the jar. Work in sections as the glue will dry before you get to it if you paint the whole thing. Paint a section with glue mixture, place pieces of material onto the layer of glue, cover material with more glue mixture. Material will be wet, but not dripping. Continue until the entire jar is covered, pieces are placed on quite randomly. When finished, use the mixture to put the flags over the top of the material scraps.

Use hot glue to adhere a piece of goldenrod ribbon around the rim of the jar. Hot glue the raffia/star to the ribbon, covering the seam.

You can place a
votive candle

in the jar, or fill it with white carnations for a great centerpiece!




Scavenger hunt

Get a pad of Post-It notes to use for the clues. Start with your first location and write a clue guiding the person playing to the next spot. The amount of notes written depends on how long you want the game to go on for and the age of the children playing. Make sure to put a prize at the final destination and happy hunting.



Mi casa su casa

Each person should have a large piece of drawing paper and crayons, pencils or markers for sketching. Have the adults draw the house they grew up in (if they lived in more than one house, the one that has the most meaning). Have the kids draw the house they live in (or the one that means the most to them). Compare pictures, see what is similar and different and discuss important memories.



Deep Breathing 101. Taking slow, deep breaths can help you relax, lower your blood pressure,

Reduce your heart rate, and ease muscle tension. Hone your technique by practicing a few times

each day. Sit in a comfortable chair, loosen tight clothing, and place feet flat on the floor. With

eyes closed or focused softly on one spot, inhale through your nose, picturing your lungs filling

with air and your diaphragm (located just below your chest) moving downward. When lungs are

full, slowly exhale through your mouth. Repeat for several minutes before gradually resuming

your daily activities.


Q & A on Sunscreen

Q. Should I buy sunscreen with highest SPF available?

A. Not necessarily, but the American Academy of Dermatology says you shouldn’t go below an

SPF of 15, either. A SPF, or Sun Protection Factor, of 15 means that it will take 15 times longer

for skin to burn than it would if it were unprotected. A higher SPF does offer greater protection

from UVB rays, but once you go above 15, the margin of protection doesn’t increase as much.

When selecting a sunscreen, look for one that provides broad-spectrum coverage, which means it

protects against UVB and UVA rays, both harmful. And apply it 15 to 30 minutes before heading

outdoors so it’s fully absorbed and reapply every 2 hours, or after swimming, or perspiring




Tips to Avoid Fraud and Identity Theft

Safeguard your Social Security number. Keep your card in a safe place at home—not in your

wallet or purse.

Read your bills and bank statements.

Keep your eye out for charges you didn’t authorize.

Exercise doubt, and check it out.

If you have any doubts about a caller or e-mailer, find the company’s phone number and call its

fraud or security department.

Report fraud.

If you’ve experienced fraud or identity theft, report it to The Federal Trade Commission

works to prevent fraud, deception and unfair business practices in the marketplace, and to help

consumers spot, stop and avoid them.


Puzzle Mix-up

Take different photographs. Tear each of them into pieces. Organize the residents into teams and hand over the torn pieces of a single photograph to each team. The team that first puts together the photograph wins the prize.





Pick up some inexpensive items from your local grocery store. Good choices would be toiletries, kitchen items, personal care products and home decorations. These items should be gift wrapped as mystery prizes. You will also require some fake money, which is equally distributed along each participant. The auctioneer will pick up a single prize at a time. The bidding then begins.


Playing Favorites.

We guess each person’s favorite choices like favorite sport, favorite food, favorite dress and so on. And of course there should be small prizes for the winners.




Bible Stories for Adults

Jesus Before the High Priest

Matthew 26:57-68; John 18:12-14, 19-24

Welcome and Announcements

Bible Words to Remember:

You do not realize that it is better for you that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish. John 11:50

Opening Prayer

Jerusalem Attitudes Towards Jesus (John 12:12-19, 37-43)

How did people in Jerusalem feel about the Galilean rabbi who came to celebrate Passover?

John 12:12-13 = Welcomed with great fanfare on Palm Sunday

What event preceding Jesus' arrival helped His fame spread in Jerusalem?

John 12:17-18 = Raised Lazarus from dead, many people came out to see Him

How did the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem feel about Jesus' popularity?

John 12:19 = Frustrated that their enemy was popular

Why didn't the Jewish leaders believe in Jesus even after seeing His miraculous signs?

John 12:37-40 = Fulfilled Isaiah's prophesy of blinded eyes and deadened hearts

Certainly a few leaders believed. Did any of them try to convince the others?

John 12:42-43 = Silent - they loved praise from men more than praise from God

Better That One Man Die for the People (John 11:47-53)

Were the Jewish leaders afraid that Jesus would upset God and bring His wrath?

John 11:47-48 = They were afraid He'd upset Romans & they'd lose their place

What did the leader of the Sadducees say in selfishness that prophesied of Jesus' purpose?

John 11:49-50 = Better for you that one man die..than..the whole nation perish

How could Caiaphas coincidentally say something so pointing?

John 11:51 = He did not say this on his own, God led him to prophesy ignorantly

Did John feel anything needed to be added to Caiaphas' prophesy for the Jewish nation?

John 11:52 = Jesus would die for all of God's people, not just Jews

Did anything result from this meeting of the Sanhedrin?

John 11:53 = From that day on they plotted to take his life

We've Got Him! (John 18:1-12)

How were the Jewish leaders finally able to find Jesus without having a crowd around?

John 18:1-3 = Judas took temple soldiers to Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane

Was Jesus expecting them?

John 18:4-5 = Yes, He went out to greet them and introduced Himself

Knowing what lay ahead for Him, what was Jesus most concerned about? = Matt 26:56

John 18:8-9 = The well-being of His disciples, despite that they would fall away

Since Jesus was so cooperative, did the soldiers just ask Jesus to come with them?

John 18:12 = No, they arrested and bound Him

Annas, the High Priest Emeritus (John 18:12-14)

Where did the temple police take Jesus?

John 18:13 = To Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest

Annas - High priest from 6 to 15 AD

Considered by Jews as true high priest since appointment was for life by Jewish law
Found it more profitable to direct the high priest than to be the high priest

Had Romans appoint his 5 sons, a son-in-law (Caiaphas) & a grandson as HP
Lived in the palace of the high priest - large building with central courtyard

Extremely wealthy - Owned famous Bazaars of Annas

Had monopoly on sale of sacrifice animals & on stalls for moneychangers
Jesus' cleansing of the temple would have been seen as a threat to Annas
Given great power by Romans because he gave money to key Roman leaders

Would Annas have any trouble getting his son-in-law to get rid of this Jesus?

John 18:14 = No, Caiaphas had said it better for one man to die for the people

Preliminary Hearing Before Annas (John 18:19-24)

What kind of information did Annas want from Jesus? = Illegal - witnesses first to establish guilt

John 18:19 = Size of His following and a blasphemous & punishable secret belief

What secret ideas did Jesus reveal to Annas?

John 18:20-21 There were none, Jesus always spoke openly, Others will agree

What was significant about Jesus' response?

Isaiah 45:19; 48:16 = Fulfilled prophesy about speaking truth openly, no secrets

How did the Jewish leaders feel about Jesus standing up for His truth before Annas?

John 18:22 = Frustrated at losing argument, one hit Jesus in the face

How did Jesus use this violent action to further demonstrate His truth?

John 18:23 = If I'm wrong, tell me how. If I'm not wrong, why did you hit me?

What did Annas do when it became obvious that Jesus was too wise for Him to handle?

John 18:24 = Sent Him to Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin

The Waiting Room (Luke 22:63-65)

How did Jesus and His guards pass time while waiting for the Sanhedrin to be gathered?

Luke 22:63-65 = They mocked, beat & insulted Him

What passion prophesy did this begin to fulfill?

Isaiah 50:6 = He offered Himself to beating, mocking and abuse

The Sanhedrin - The highest leadership council of the Jews

70 select leaders (chief priests, scribes & elders) plus high priest appointed for life

Numbers 11:16-17 = Patterned after 70 elders God chose to help Moses

Given civil powers from Rome; Final court of appeal for Mosaic law = John 18:31

Power to execute until 30AD; Death sentence then needed Roman okay ^

Witnesses (Matthew 26:57-61)

Would Jesus find justice and protection of the innocent before the Sanhedrin?

Matthew 26:57, 59 = No, they had already decided His sentence, needed a reason

Couldn't the Sanhedrin make any ruling they wanted? What kind of evidence did they need?

Deuteronomy 17:6 = Needed 2 or more witnesses to sentence someone to death

As active as Jesus had been, how many sets of witnesses came forward with stories?

Matthew 26:60a = Many came forward, none that confirmed each other

By pushing hard for anything that could convict Jesus, what commandment did they break?

Exodus 20:16 = # 8 - You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor

Was the Sanhedrin ever able to find two people who would agree on incriminating evidence?

Matthew 26:60b-61 = Yes, they said He threatened to destroy the new temple

Had Jesus made such a threat?

John 2:18-20 = He had said He would raise in 3 days the temple THEY destroyed

Was Jesus even speaking of the same temple?

John 2:21-22 = No, He was speaking of His body

Had the Jewish leaders just misunderstood what Jesus had said?

Matthew 27:62-63 = No, they proved later that they understood what He meant

Let's Try This (Matthew 26:62-64)

Knowing that the leaders really understood what He had said, how did Jesus respond?

Matthew 26:62-63a = He didn't say anything, This frustrated Caiaphas

What prophesy did Jesus' response begin to fulfill?

Isaiah 53:7 = Led like a lamb to the slaughter...did not open His mouth

Realizing this twisted evidence couldn't hold up before the Romans, what did Caiaphas try?

Matthew 26:63b = He directly asked Jesus if He was the Messiah, God's Son

What was the purpose of Caiaphas saying, I charge you under oath by the living God?

Leviticus 5:1 = It forced Jesus to say something

How did Jesus point out that they already knew and had rejected His answer?

Luke 22:67-68 = If I tell you, you won't believe - You know, but won't admit it

How did Jesus then answer Caiaphas' question even deeper than they expected?

Matthew 26:64 = You said it...You'll see proof when I return on God's right hand

Guilty! (Matthew 26:65-68)

How did the Sanhedrin react to Jesus' reply?

Matthew 26:65-66 = Here's our evidence! We've got plenty of witnesses now

How serious was a charge of blaspheme by calling one's self God?

Leviticus 24:14-16 = Punishable by death

How did Caiaphas show he was trying to convict Jesus rather than keep God's Law?

Leviticus 21:10 = High priest was never allowed to tear his clothes

Was a death sentence enough to satisfy the anger of the Jewish leaders?

Matthew 26:67-68 = No, they began hitting, mocking and spitting on Him

The Next Step (Matthew 27:1-2)

After finding Jesus guilty of blasphemy, what was the next step to have Him executed?

Matthew 27:1-2 = Get the approval of the Roman procurator

Will pick up the story here in two weeks

The Illegal Trial (Matthew 26, Mark 14, Luke 22, John 18)

Innocent until proven guilty?

Mark 14:1-2 = They had decided he would die before any charge could be found

Religious leaders carefully screen witnesses to ensure justice

Mark 14:56-57 = Look for false witnesses against Jesus, anyone to condemn Him

Capital cases must begin with reasons for acquittal

Luke 22:66-67 = Immediately began looking for ways to convict Jesus

In capital cases, all can argue for acquittal but not all can argue for conviction

Mark 14:55 = Whole Sanhedrin tried to convict, no defense sought or allowed

Capital trials must be held in the daytime and verdicts reached in the daytime

John 18:28 = Trial held & verdict given before dawn, in a hurry to beat Passover

Capital verdicts for acquittal could come the same day, conviction not until the next day

Mark 14:64; 15:1 = Convicted within same half day (or less)

Serious charges are to be tried only in the Sanhedrin's regular temple meeting place

Luke 22:54 = Both trials took place in the high priest's palace

Defendants are not required to incriminate themselves

Matthew 26:63-65 = Jesus forced under oath, then incriminated for answer

Closing Prayer


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